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PH4031   Fluids

Academic year(s): 2018-2019

Key information

SCOTCAT credits : 15

ECTS credits : 7

Level : SCQF level 10

Semester: 2

Availability restrictions: Not automatically available to General Degree students

Planned timetable: 11.00 am even Mon, Tue, Thu, 2.00 pm odd Tue (TBC)

This module provides an introduction to fluid dynamics, and addresses the underlying physics behind many everyday flows that we see around us. It starts from a derivation of the equations of hydrodynamics and introduces the concept of vorticity and the essentials of vorticity dynamics. The influence of viscosity and the formation of boundary layers is described with some straightforward examples. The effect of the compressibility of a fluid is introduced and applied to shock formation and to the conservation relations that describe flows through shocks. A simple treatment of waves and instabilities then allows a comparison between theory and readily-observed structures in clouds, rivers and shorelines.

Relationship to other modules

Pre-requisite(s): Before taking this module you must pass PH3081 or pass PH3082 or ( pass MT2506 and pass MT2507 )

Learning and teaching methods and delivery

Weekly contact: 3 lectures and some tutorials.

Scheduled learning hours: 32

Guided independent study hours: 118

Assessment pattern

As used by St Andrews: 2-hour Written Examination = 100%

As defined by QAA
Written examinations : 100%
Practical examinations : 0%
Coursework: 0%

Re-assessment: Oral Re-assessment, capped at grade 7


Module teaching staff: Dr C Helling

Additional information from school

Please see also the information in the School¿s Handbook for Honours modules available via This link also gives access to timetables for the modules.